Many students define concord as agreement between the Noun and the Verb in a sentence.

Meanwhile, it is important to define concord in general.
In doing this, we should know that collocation is synonymous to concord.
Concord therefore is an agreement between words in an expression.

Sequel to the topic, we have to define concord base on Subject – Verb agreement.
Defining it therefore, concord is grammatic agreement between the Noun and the Verb: semantically, syntactically and otherwise.
The agreement is based on
1. Number
2. Idea and
3. Closeness.

TYPES OF CONCORD
There are three types of concord.
A. Grammatical concord
B. Proximity concord and
C. Notional concord.

A. GRAMMATICAL CONCORD
This is an agreement between the noun and the verb in number.
That is,
1. If the noun is singular, the verb should be singular.
Examples
i. Emeka is intelligent.
ib. He is intelligent.
‘Emeka’ in the above sentence is a singular noun. While
‘Is’ is a singular verb.
iia. John eats rice.
iib. He eats rice.

2. If the noun is plural, the verb must be plural.
Examples
ia. Emeka and Uche are intelligent.
ib. They are intelligent
‘Emeka and Uche’ is a plural noun. While
‘are’ is a plural verb.
iia. John and paul eat rice.
iib. They eat rice.

N/B: A singular verb goes with ‘s’ genitive.
While a singular noun on the contrary goes without ‘s’ genitive.

B. PROXIMITY CONCORD
This states that the verb should agree with the noun close to it.
That is,
1. If the noun close to the verb is singular, the verb should be singular.
Examples
i. Either the boys or the girl is at fault.
ii. Neither the students nor the teacher was invited.
2. If the noun close to the verb is plural, the verb should be plural.
Examples.
i. Either the boy or the girls were here.
ii. Neither the chairmen nor the subjects were present.

C. NOTIONAL CONCORD
This states that the verb agrees to the noun according to the idea the speaker has in mind in terms of number.
This occurs in collective nouns.
Examples of collective nouns are sheep, cattle, police, congregation, people, family, Deer, salmon, offspring, Grouse, Senegalese, Portuguese, barracks, series, species, fleet, means, Japanese, herd, mackerel, carp, cod, et cetera.
Examples
ia. The sheep was killed.
—Only one sheep.
ib. The sheep were killed.
—More than a sheep.
iia. The Police was informed on time.
—Only one police
iib. The Police were informed on time.
—More than a police

GENERAL RULES OF NOUN VERB AGREEMENT

1. Two nouns joined by with, together with should go with singular verb.
Examples
i. The boy with his sister was here.
ii. Chima together with the boy was invited.

2. If a noun or phrase is appositiive to the subject; that is, if it refers to the same person, singular verb should be used.
Examples
i. Engr. Dave, the governor of Ebonyi state is the best governor.
NOTE: Engr. Dave is the same as the governor.
3. If the subject is joined with another subject by ‘and’ without ‘the’ attached to the second subject, singular verb should be used.
Examples
i. Mr. Nweke and Vice principal is kind.
ii. A student and fair boy was kidnapped.
4. If correlative adjectives like ‘neither . . . nor, either . . . or, as well as’ are used to pass information, the verb should agree with the noun close to it in terms of number.
Examples
i. Neither the man nor the boys were informed.
ii. Neither the boys nor the man was informed.
iii. Either the teachers or the student is at fault.
iv. Either the student or the teachers were at fault.
5. A sentence started with ‘the number of’ should go with a singular verb.
While the one with ‘a number of’ should attract plural verb.
Examples
i. The number of the victims has reduce.
ii. A number of the boys were arrested.
6. Plural-form nouns that are singular agrees with singular verb.
Such nouns are: Physics, Economics, News, Measles, Dollars.
Examples
i. The news is not a pleasing one.
ii. Five dollars is missing in my pocket.
iii. Measles is a disease for little children.
7. Collective nouns when referred to as a unit, singular verb should be used. But if it is as individuals in the group, plural verb should be used.
Examples
i. The crowd applauds when there is concerted effort.
—-As a unit—-
ii. The crowd applaud when there is concerted effort.
—-As individual—-

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